Buckingham Palace has been the official residence of the reigning monarch of the United Kingdom since 1837.
The palace has 775 rooms which includes 19 state rooms which open to the public every year, 52 royal and guest bedrooms, 78 bathrooms and 188 staff bedrooms with 92 offices for the household support staff. The house as a whole (including staff) is referred to as the royal household.
Buckingham House, as it was first known was built by the Duke of Buckingham in 1705 on land which had been privately owned for at least 150 years, over the years following its construction it endured countless restoration and upgraded until Buckingham palace was purchased by King George III for his wife Queen Charlotte in 1961 to be used as a family home. In 1837 Buckingham Palace was first recognised as an official royal residence on the accession of Queen Victoria.
The chapel at Buckingham palace was devastated by a German bomb during World War II, the site was used to build the Queen’s Gallery in 1962 to exhibit works of art from the Royal Collection.
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