The Palace of Whitehall was once the seat of the British Monarchy and the largest palace in Europe with over 1500 rooms. At the height of the palace’s size it covered most of the space between Northumberland Avenue in thee north to Downing Street and nearly to Derby Gate in the south. A total area of nearly 93,000 square meters.
The Palace was built and redesigned over a number of years. The first recorded use of the term ‘Whitehall’ is in 1532. King Henry VIII redesigned York Palace and added many rooms to the structure. James I also made a few changes to the buildings, one of the most notable changes by him would be the construction of the Banqueting House which is the only remaining rooms of the palace.
In 1691 the palace suffered a large fire that guttered a significant area of the then biggest and most complex palace in Europe. Then again in 1698 another, larger fire broke out which ended the palace’s grandeur. The surviving ruins were eventually pulled down in 1769.
Link: The Banqueting House – visiting and information